Week21Task—Driver of Change & issues of system

Scanning the World: After you have your basic question and timeline in mind, it’s time to start thinking about the kinds of factors—sometimes called “drivers”—that are likely to shape how your question would be answered. This is a chance to think about a wide spectrum of issues.

Drivers of Change investigates the key global issues and trends driving change in our societies and markets. It is one of the most well-known and comprehensive publication series of its kind. The cards are an effective way of raising awareness about our environment – both man-made and natural. They help initiate conversations, act as workshop materials, provide a foundation for further study and serve as an input for strategy and innovation processes.

I picked the drivers are urbanization and poverty.

Urbanization brings together the many different interpretations of what it means for a city to be urban. Depending on the cultural and geographic context, urban areas can take on a variety of forms, and are often much smaller than the archetypal mega city, with different contextual needs. The card set fuses themes of transport and resource usage with social connectivity and innovation to construct a holistic picture of urban opportunities and challenges.







Urbanization-intelligent house:


intelligent-buildings-bThe house of future project has investigated the implications of environment, social, and energy-source changes on the future house design.

Moreover, according to website(https://www.bbvaopenmind.com), there is a interesting realistic analysis:

The Internet of things comes to our homes

Every good technology guru and all the consultants who analyze the sector throw around a recurring term to refer to the short-term future: the “Internet of things”. Smartphones and tablets launched a revolution that is multiplying over and over the number of net-connected devices. The predictions are already approaching 50 billion “things” connected to the Internet by 2020, 25 times more than at the start of the century.

In this technological scenario of 2020, the car, the washing machine and, of course, wearables, would all be online, just like the many sensors located throughout the house. They would be interconnected with the mobile phone, which would be the control centre. It would be the rebirth of home automation. Both Apple and Samsung have launched platforms for all types of household appliances to communicate with their phones. We can already imagine the smart home. No keys or switches, with lights that turn on and doors that open at the approach of our steps.


  • How people  could get data?
  • How can we make connection with  all of  home devices?
  • How could make the air quality invisible for people?
  • How could make people take some action to keep indoor’s air quality health?



  • Internet of things could make all devices connection and are on-line statement
  • Smart phone use for data visualization


Idea1:  we can connect with all devices in our home and use air quality monitoring control these divice. It will show the pollutant of each device separately. If the air conditioner overcooling or the oven overheating which make some terrible smog, air quality monitoring will mention the user turn off or turn down the device.

I sketched some ideas  focus on smart home:








Poverty-access the information:

icts-f icts-b

Issues: poverty area, lack of internet and base installation

solution: open data platform, mobile services (rely on bus )

Inspiration: according to website (https://opensensors.io/),

OpenSensors.io enables access to real time and historical data generated from thousands of open community projects. Data from these projects are published with Open Data licences specifically with an ODC Open Database Licence. Projects such as these allow many people to access and reuse the data collected.

Data from our real time firehose can be directly plugged into any application or data visualization.


  • How could people get data in place without sufficient basic infrastructure.
  • How could come true the open data sharing?
  • Visual display with real-time data updates


  • With help of public platform
  • Social network

Idea1:  Add more sites in rural area, color change is to reveal air quality.IMG_1274






Idead2: Put the air quality on the top of bus. It will track the air quality on the way and show the real-time data in bus stop(real-time data, where is the worst air,predict the future’s air quality, what/where is the most pollutant? Because most bus stop in live area and it is useful to collect the nearby air quality.  People can scan the QR code send to phone and share on social network to supervise the worst area.

Idea3: When someone smoke in bus stop or huge amount of tail gas, it will alert people by change color of  light or sound














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